DETERMINING STRESS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC USING THE COVID STRESS SCALE

  • Kavinthra Teerakathiti Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Arin Jaisin Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Phasittha Pongsapan Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Nattapas Wanaporn Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Phakhajee Rattanalertpaiboon Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Supisa Chantanawanichwong Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Sopittar Kittipavara Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Supicha Sroythong Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Nutchaphon Kanchan Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Phasit Hongpromyati Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Yotsakorn Chuaychoo Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Raweeroj Uengpitugpun Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Poopan Kiraniponpan Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Witchakorn Trisukon Department of Psychiatry, Phramongkutklao Hospital and Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Mathirut Mungthin Department of Parasitology, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
  • Sakarn Charoensakulchai Department of Parasitology, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8991-0163
Keywords: stress, COVID-19, COVID-stress scale, rural

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people worldwide, both physically and mentally. Stress is one of the burdens being faced, especially in the working class. Therefore, this study aimed to explore and compare associated stress factors during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown among adults in a rural community in Thailand using the COVID stress scale.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2021 to March 2022 in Chachoengsao Province. It included adults aged 20 to 60 years old. The questionnaire included demographic data and the Thai COVID stress scale (T-CSS) version. The data were collected using face-to-face interviews. Associated factors of stress were assessed using linear regression.

Results: Data were compared with their counterparts, illiteracy (adjusted β=18.4, 95% CI 5.9-30.1) and agriculturists (adjusted β=13.2, 95% CI 3.1-23.4). At the same time, age 51-60 (adjusted β=-11.1, 95% CI 3.9-27.3) and vaccination with ≥3 doses of COVID-19 vaccine (adjusted β=-8.9, 95% CI -16.4 to -1.5) were associated with decreased stress level.

Discussion: Illiteracy and agriculturists were associated with higher stress scores. COVID-19 vaccination doses might affect stress levels due to the efficacy of preventing infection and severe illness. Older people had less stress due to better experience in stress management. Limitations included that T-CSS cannot determine the cut-off point of stress and nonstress in the population due to multiple factors. However, it might be possible to imply that outlier scores from a normal distribution are likely to be most stressful during the COVD-19 pandemic.

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The overall mean score of T-CSS
Published
2022-10-13
How to Cite
1.
Teerakathiti K, Jaisin A, Pongsapan P, Wanaporn N, Rattanalertpaiboon P, Chantanawanichwong S, Kittipavara S, Sroythong S, Kanchan N, Hongpromyati P, Chuaychoo Y, Uengpitugpun R, Kiraniponpan P, Trisukon W, Mungthin M, Charoensakulchai S. DETERMINING STRESS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC USING THE COVID STRESS SCALE. J Southeast Asian Med Res [Internet]. 2022Oct.13 [cited 2022Nov.30];60:e0133. Available from: https://www.jseamed.org/index.php/jseamed/article/view/133
Section
Original Articles

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